Joint Replacement Surgery in Rochester, NY
All the surgeons at Rochester Community Orthopaedics are highly trained and board-certified physicians with interest in evaluating and treating arthritic joints. The evaluation consists of a thorough history from the patient, physical exam, and, if necessary, imaging studies including X-rays which can be done right in our office. Treatment options range from medications and physical therapy to injections and surgery.
For patients with end stage arthritis, our surgeons are familiar with joint replacement surgery options including the latest advances to help restore and improve function for patients with severely degraded range of motion, mobility and pain. Through the intervention of our surgeons, pain free everyday activities like walking, tennis, gardening, golf and playing with children can be restored to patients who have had to limit or cease these activities as a result of the chronic and debilitating effects of their arthritis.
Rochester Community Orthopaedic surgeons work with the Rochester General Hospital joint replacement team to consider the patient’s ability to tolerate the rigors of joint replacement. A pre-operative class is available at Rochester General which is very informative in educating patients either scheduled for or considering hip or knee replacement surgery. Instructors for this class include nurses, physical therapists and social workers who provide invaluable information in preparation for joint replacement surgery.
Arthritis & Joint Replacement
Many patients who consider joint replacement surgery suffer from various forms of arthritis, which can cause debilitating pain and severely limit the range of motion in the affected area. The three main types of arthritis include:
This form of arthritis occurs as people age. The cartilage between bones begins to soften and wear away. As this tissue deteriorates, the bones begin to rub together causing pain and stiffness.
In patients with rheumatoid arthritis, the body’s immune system attacks the membrane surrounding the joint, causing it to become inflamed and eventually wear away.
|Post-Traumatic Arthritis |
After a serious injury such as a fractured bone or a torn ligament, severe and immediate damage to cartilage can occur. This cartilage loss can result in pain and stiffness.
In order to determine whether or not a patient is a good candidate for joint replacement surgery, and orthopaedic surgeon will perform an evaluation on the affected area. During this evaluation, the doctor will:
- Discuss your medical history. The doctor will discuss your general health, the symptoms that you have been experiencing and when the symptoms began.
- Perform a physical exam. The doctor will test the range of motion, stability and strength of the affected area.
- Perform an X-ray and/or MRI. An x-ray will provide an image that can show the extent of the damage to the cartilage and bone and help the surgeon identify any abnormalities.
Forms of Joint Replacement
Arthritis, age, and traumatic injury can affect the entire body. The most common forms of joint replacement surgery we typically perform are of the hips and knees.
The hip is constructed with six bones that work in tandem. The ball-and-socket joint allows an extensive range of motion that allows for comfortable sitting, standing, walking and bending. A hip replacement surgery replaces damaged tendons with artificial parts that help relieve pain and improve function.
The knee is one of the most highly-impacted joints in the body because it bears almost all of a person’s weight. A functioning knee consists of a thighbone, shinbone, and kneecaps. Tendons ligaments and cartilage connect each of these bones to achieve a forward and backward motion. A knee joint replacement surgery replaces damaged tissue with an artificial joint, helping to improve mobility and painful symptoms.